was founded by the Etruscans and became a Roman colony in 180 BC.
Although the continuous struggles between Guelfi and Ghibellini
and the wars with Pisa and Florence
, knew a considerable reputation in Europe thanks to its banker and to the commerce of woven. To short part periods in which cadde under the foreign government of powers or of Mister like Castruccio Castracani
and Paolo Guinigi, Lucca rhymed an independent republic until 1799.
23 June 1805 on request of the senate of Lucca, comes constituted the Principality of Lucca and Piombino
, assigned the sister of Napoleon Bonaparte Elisa Bonaparte and to the husband Felice Baciocchi.
In the congress of Vienna
was decided to create the ducat of Lucca. May 10 1815 succeeds, how supporting, Maria Luisa of Bourbon, to which succeeded Carlo Ludovico of Bourbon
1824-1847. In 1847 became it leaves some granducato of Tuscany. In 1860 finally it was annexed to the kingdom of Sardinia.
expenditures a lot of its years in exile to Lucca.
24 November 2006 accommodated the bilateral summit Italy-France to the presence of the President of the Prodi Council
boad and of the President of the French Republic Chirac.